The absence of a specialist may cause danger to the patient s life. This is one of the main concerns in most countries where there are insufficient medical specialists especially in rural area. To address this, a cost effective telediagnostic mobile robot that provides tele-presence capability for the specialist to virtually meet the patient and perform diagnosis is developed. This research highlights the development of a remote mobile robot navigation and instrumentation system as part of the telediagnostic mobile robot. The navigation system incorporates a four wheel holonomic drive system which provides good agility to the robot. The robot is fitted with safety features which include Danger Monitoring System (DMS) and Fail Safe and Auto Recovery System (FSARS). This is realized by equipping it with fuzzy logic based system to process the data and decide preventative measures to avoid danger. On the other hand, the robot s instrumentation includes a system to acquire Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) reading from a set of medical instruments using Optical Character Recognition (OCR) method on LabVIEW 2009 platform. The system is found to be demonstrating an acceptable performance.
India envisages sustaining an agricultural growth at 4.0 - 4.5 percent in order to reduce food insecurity and poverty while increasing rural purchasing power and promoting sustainable development. However, it is a mammoth task given the varied climatic conditions and weather aberrations. Currently the growth rate is 2.25 percent despite major interventions by Government of India. Rainfed regions with 85 million ha in India holds key to success and sustainable land management through adoption of improved practices is critical. The book describes an evaluation procedure developed for Sustainable Land Management (SLM) and presents the results of impact in parts of the Semi-arid Tropical region in the Deccan Plateau in Peninsular India. The Ex-Post Impact Assessment (ePIA) procedure adds to our knowledge base. The book presents applications of GIS and remote sensing in fields of soil science, soils and waters conservation engineering, agricultural geography, in addition to guidance for implementation and monitoring of similar rural development projects. Designed for scientists, researchers, development specialists and policy makers.
Revision with unchanged content. How does geography play a role in student learning and teacher instruction? Limited research efforts reveal that the needs of students in rural and urban areas are quite distinct from other settings. It is not until exclusive qualities are determined in each environment that instructional plans can be geared to their student bodies. Addressing these sociocultural issues is crucial with an increasingly diverse population of students nationwide. Ten weeks of daily, 90-minute observations and ethnographic interviews of four classroom teachers in rural and urban elementary schools are the primary methods utilized throughout this inquiry. Participatory teachers are selected based on their school-wide reputation for being highly regarded literacy teachers. Findings are categorized into themes as several unique instructional techniques are revealed in each geographical area. Researchers, administrators, specialists, classroom teachers, and teacher candidates will find the results of this investigation intriguing and useful within their own curricular planning and practice. Implications reach across grade levels as models of effective literacy instruction can be developed.
One of the main and recent problems in Malaysian hospitals is the lack of surgeonsand specialists, especially in rural areas. Insufficient specialised surgeons in such regions particularly in the niche of orthopaedic causes more fatalities and amputees due to time constrain in attending the patients. Broken limbs due to accidents can be treated and recovered. But severed blood vessels results in blood loss and leads to amputation or even worst fatalities. A mobile robotic system known as OTOROB is designed and developed to aid orthopaedic surgeons to be virtually present at such areas for attending patients. The developed mobile robotic platform requires a flexible robotic arm vision system to be controlled remotely by the surgeon. To be present virtually is still insufficient if clearer view is not obtained. Thus, a flexible robotic arm with vision system as end effector is designed, developed and tested in real time. Fuzzy logic is implemented in the control system to provide safety for the robotic arm articulation. The safety systems of the robotic arm consist of Danger Monitoring System (DMS), Obstacle Avoidance System (OAS) and Fail Safe and Auto Recovery System (FSARS).
Penn State DuBois is a commonwealth campus of the Pennsylvania State University. It is located in DuBois, Pennsylvania. The school was originally founded as a satellite learning center in 1935 and featured four faculty and was housed in a renovated church. During the 1940s, standard ungraduate courses were generally replaced by those aimed at training defense specialists for World War II. After the conclusion of the war, Penn State officials considered closing the center, but fundrasing through local nonprofits kept the facility open. In 1959, the school was formally integrated as a branch campus of Penn State. Afterward, the college, one of few in the relatively rural surrounding error, was marketed as a major community institution for not just Dubois' Clearfield County, but also nearby Jefferson and Elk Counties.
Microfinance is especially for rural areas one of the areas of research of great interest in contemporary society both in Romania and in the world. Based on the theoretical and methodological approaches in the field and the (more or less sustainable) realities of the microfinance process, our research provides a perspective picture of this field. On the other hand, it is increasingly being debated by specialists and not only the problem of the impact of financing policies on the Romanian rural area, such as microfinance products and tools, aspects on which our research came to some conclusions that were presented in the paper. The approach of the book is based on our professional experience in the economic financial field (we have experienced the phenomenon of live microfinance with an effective and direct involvement in the process of financing small entrepreneurs in rural Romania), but also on the basis of extensive documentation statistics, reports and specialist studies) on the field.
University education in veterinary science has been available in Australia for the last 130 years. In spite of the fact that nearly 90% of veterinarians are employed in private general practice they are seldom found to author veterinary literature. Practitioners predominate in Australia and are often the first to encounter a new animal disease, yet they seldom contribute to veterinary knowledge by publishing articles. Academics, government veterinary officers and specialists overwhelmingly dominate when it comes to published articles. In this monograph, Dr John Maxwell, a rural practitioner, asks the question, "Why is veterinary literature in Australia produced - almost exclusively - by non-practitioners?" He does this by examining his own career as a rural practitioner, during which he has published over 50 articles against considerable resistance from those who administer veterinary literature in Australia. As a country veterinarian, John Maxwell has seen it all and, in this monograph, details his experiences in having scientific articles published and thus contributing to veterinary knowledge.
Women, the reservoir of productive human resource constitutes almost half per cent of the country's total population. In India health profile of women is very low due to lack of nutritional education. Poor nutrition that continues into pregnancy leads to low birth weight baby, infant death and maternal mortality. To improve the health of women, this requires massive education for women through proper and need based media. There are different media used for imparting nutritional education but all these are developed without knowing the socio-personal, communication characteristics of women and none of the efforts of imparting nutritional education through media can give ultimate results. Therefore a gap arises among selection, designing, organizing and effectiveness of media. This book contains a full account of existing knowledge of the concept of media mix, steps for selecting the media mix, designing, implementation of media mix and it's effectiveness in imparting nutritional education among rural women. This book shall be of immense value to the students, social scientists, extension personnel, media specialists, programme designers.
The book presents farmers' innovations that will be of use to farmers, extension agents, students, researchers and policy-makers engaged in rural development. It demonstrates that innovation is the result of a confrontation between visions of actors who often have divergent interests. There is no single path towards rural development and the success of innovation transitions will not only depend on researchers' capacity, but willingness to embark on farmers' innovations is inevitable. In writing, I have borne in mind potential readers: extension agents and research students for whom some understanding of farmers' innovation is important, range of local or national activities keen to improve the well-being of farmers, those salaried practitioners who find themselves engaged in some aspects of rural development despite having received little or no formal training in innovation, variety of specialists in related professions and disciplines, who want to learn more about farmers' innovations in Ethiopia. The study attempts to link theory and practice, giving equal weight to the area-based, the bottom-up and the local partnership approaches with an emphasis on innovation and integration.